Thursday, September 08, 2005

What we owe our Soldiers

This week, I received an email from a friend who is attending the Army's Command & General Staff College, which is the intermediate level (rank of major) education for officers. He had been tasked to lead a seminar discussion based on my article, "Military Leaders' Obligation to Justify Killing in War," so he asked me some questions as he prepared. Below are his questions and my off-the-cuff responses.

1) What are our moral obligations as leaders to our soldiers?

There are probably tons, but here are some thoughts off the top of my head:

a. Train them to be proficient in their wartime tasks, so they have the best chance of accomplishing their mission and returning home alive.

b. Respect them as persons--this includes things such as recognizing their family obligations and not humiliating them and looking out for their long-term welfare (encourage GI Bill, financial counseling, etc). A part of respecting our soldiers as people is ensuring that they can integrate their soldierly tasks with their human ones--that they can make sense of the death they see and deal. If we recruit people, train them to kill, order them to kill, and then not help them make sense of killing so they can go on with their lives, then we're using them as mere soldiers, not treating them as soldiers who are people--before, during, and after their service.

2) How do leaders lessen a soldier's psychological impact of killing?
a. Preparation is HUGE. According to killologist Dave Grossman, one of the three critical components of developing PTSD is surprise--facing an unexpected trauma. As leaders, we can help by talking with our soldiers about how upsetting killing can be. It shouldn't come as a shock to them--real war ain't a range.

b. We can also let them know what we as leaders care about fighting morally. They may not have the education or maturity to understand it all, but they should have the confidence that someone they trust does. Then we just have to walk the talk.

c. Third, after a fight we can help by talking about it, and encouraging our soldiers to do the same. Most PTSD doesn't begin showing until months or years after the trauma, when Soldiers have the time to reflect and think about things. If we as leaders recognize this, then we'll be in a position to be there for our troops (including those who fought with other units on previous tours), and we'll know that killing another human being isn't something that most people "get over" quickly or easily.

I hope this helps. Let me know how it goes.

2 comments:

James Fletcher Baxter said...

In this offering you have failed to supply a critical and objective element regarding defining the moral high-ground we occupy and the moral low-ground of our enemy.

Americans need never lose a moment's sleep for war-time killing of those who favor and practice collectivist oppression of Freedom, individual value and dignity, respect for human Rights, and representative government.

"Envy thou not the oppressor and choose none of his ways," is an excellent verification of our own position and the identity of an enemy worthy of our resistance.

Americans need never question their moral high-ground over the oppressor when we live an Always Faithful commitment to transcendent truth in behalf of our fellow-man. selah

Sgt. USMC
WWII & Korean War

We were 'the good guys' - and still are - Today! God bless. Straight ahead! JFB

Pete said...

I appreciate your feedback, James.

My goal with this blog, though, is to look at morality and how it applies to war in general. If we can figure out the tough issues surrounding morality in war, then we can easily apply them to the current war.

I have found that arguments about the morality of the current war are difficult to make progress on, because of disputes about "facts" and the strong polarizing effect of the president.

So, I choose to keep the discussion on war in general.